Food Sovereignty and SSE: Challenges and Solutions
Food Sovereignty concepts share the common prin-ciples of targeting the root causes of a problem. Fulfilling the main principles of Food Sovereignty equally implies applying the basics of SSE. Cooperation, participation, solidarity, environ-mental sustainability and radical democracy are the common values of SSE and Food Sovereignty concepts. This is further amplified in agroecology. Both the Nyéléni Declaration on Agro-ecology (2015) and the FAO 10 Elements of agroecology include mention of SSE. Because it is only if we manage to change the dominant economic paradigm and mainstream SSE that we will realise genuine societal change, including in the field of Food Sovereignty.
"Food Sovereignty is considered a basic human right, recognized and implemented by communities, peoples, States and international bodies".Nyéléni declaration on Food Sovereignty, 2007
SOLUTION: FOODD FOR PEOPLE NOT CROPS FOR PROFIT
The current situation concerning food systems and nutrition is absurd. There are currently over 820 million undernourished people in the world and the number of overweight or obese people is estimated as in excess of 2 billion in 2019.2 It is essential to stop confusing calorie intake and nutrition. Industrially processed foods have a high calorie count but are not healthy. Agroecologically grown local food cooked from scratch may be lower in calories, but contains far more vital nutrition. Meanwhile about one third of all food is wasted at different levels of the food chain. This varies from 56% in the industrial food chain to as little as 6% in Community Supported Agriculture.3 Another side of enormous wasting is linked to growing crops to feed industrially raised livestock. Globally, animal production is responsible for half of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from food. A further challenge is where land and water are used for the production of biofuel rather than food to feed local communities. There is more than enough food currently available to feed all of humanity, including the projected growth in human population, but many people lack access to the food that is produced. This is why it is essential to support local food systems, peasant agriculture for local consumption. Principally we need to rethink the attitude towards food: Food must stop being considered as a commodity. Agriculture needs to be removed from the WTO, and food needs to become part of our Commons again.